25, June, 2017 – Blog #9
GEM Canada Report 2016
GEM (Global Entrepreneurship Monitor) is the largest study of entrepreneurship in the world. THECIS manages the GEM project in Canada. The latest GEM report for Canada has just been issued. It is available at http://thecis.ca/index.php/gem-2016/ It shows that there is a very strong entrepreneurship culture in Canada, and the rate of early stage entrepreneurship (TEA -Total Early stage Activity) is the highest in the developed world. GEM data is widely used as evidence for evidence based policy by such groups as the UN, OECD, World Bank and World Economic Forum.
Some of the highlights from the report are:
- Almost 60% of the adult population see good opportunities to start a business in the next six months;
- Over 50% also have confidence in their skills and knowledge to start a business;
- No more than 44% are inhibited by fear of failure.
- 7% of the adult population is involved in early stage entrepreneurship, the highest rate in the developed world, ahead of Australia and the US.
- 8% of the adult population in Canada is involved in an established business (one more than 42 months old), a lower rate than in Australia or the US.
- In terms of intrapreneurship (entrepreneurship in large organizations) Canada’s rate is 6.5%, that ranks us 12th among developed countries.
- A significant number of startups have major growth plans. Twenty percent expect to create 20 or more jobs within five years.
- In common with most other developed countries, the largest sector for entrepreneurship (48%) is consumer services, closely followed by business services.
- A significant minority of startups export. 20% of them project from 25% to 75% of revenue from export, and 13% anticipate more than 75% of revenue from export.
- A significant minority of startups offer innovative products or services (9%-14% depending upon the questions asked.
- 17% of startups use technology available only in the least year, an indicator of innovativeness.
- The age group with the highest TEA was the 25 – 34 age group, at 22.3%.
- The rates decline sequentially for the 35 – 44 group, the 45 – 54 group, and the 55 – 64 age group. The TEA rates decline reaches 10.7% among the 55 – 64 cohort.
- Approximately 50% of total startup activity is in the 18-40 age group.
- The rate of women’s entrepreneurship is about two-thirds the male rate, which is comparable to other comparison countries.
- The rate of entrepreneurship increase steadily with education, being highest among those with some post graduate experience.
- The rate of entrepreneurship increases across Canada from east to central Canada, and is similar across the west.
- The strongest aspect of the Canadian ecosystem is physical infrastructure, commercial infrastructure, and the relevant social and cultural norms.
- The weakest aspects are the lack of education for entrepreneurship at primary and secondary levels, and availability of finance.
The report made the following recommendations:
- Provide more targeted assistance to young and growing firms.
- Provide more education and mentoring to potential women entrepreneurs.
- Expand entrepreneurship training in entrepreneurship in post-secondary institutions.
- Provide targeted resources for senior entrepreneurs.
- Support entrepreneurs who want to export.
- Encourage firms to develop strategy utilizing more intrapreneurship.